André Ruiter Stereoscopy

Glyphoscope by Jules Richard

August 21, 2019
Glyphoscope by Jules Richard - B&W photographer and collector of antique photographica
The Glyphoscope was a stereo camera using glass plates, developed by Jules Richard from Paris. It was a compact, simple and affordable camera that could also serve as a stereoscope.

In a previous post I wrote about stereoviews published by Jules Richard. However, he was better known as an innovator and builder of devices. His introduction of the compact 45x107 and 6x13 formats in 1893 was decisive for the success of French stereoscopy at the beginning of the 20th century. He launched a wide range of stereo cameras, stereoscopes and accessories in various price ranges.

The Glyphoscope was an alternative to the more expensive Vérascope camera. It made stereo photography accessible for amateurs. The marketing slogan was: “Établi tout spécialement pour les débutants en photographie” (designed especially for beginners in photography). The camera was manufactured from 1904 to 1933 without changing significantly in design.

Glyphoscope - Jules Richard - Advertisement from 1912
Advertisement from 1912 (author's collection)

Initially, three models of the camera were available from 1904 and 1905. They offered the same functionality but differed by shape, used materials and weight. The models 1 and 2 where made of bakelite and weighed 430 and 345 grams. Model 3 was made of wood and weighed 320 grams. A catalogue from 1913 shows all three models for the 45x107 format.

Other models:

  • Model 4 was introduced in 1908 and supported roll film
  • Model 5 was introduced in 1927 and supported 6x13cm glass plate negatives
  • Model 6 was introduced in 1930 and was similar to the previous models but added more shutter speeds

Glyphoscope model 1 for 45x107 format with serial number 2742
Glyphoscope model 1 for 45x107 format with serial number 2742

The camera's features:

  • Two achromatic, fixed focussing lenses with a focal length of 54mm
  • Three diaphragm settings: position 0 (large diaphragm), position 1 (increasing 2 stops) and position 2 (increasing 4 stops)
  • A guillotine shutter with two settings: P and I
  • A folding crosshair viewfinder

To turn the camera into a stereoscope, the front panel with the shutter needs to be removed. A slide holder for stereoviews, fitted with an opaque glass, replaces the standard plate holder at the back. The Glyphoscope as stereo viewer works quite well, but it doesn't offer the same ease of use and viewing experience as a dedicated handheld stereoscope.

Glyphoscope as stereoscope, with the front panel removed
Glyphoscope as stereoscope, with the front panel removed

Glyphoscope - Jules Richard - Instruction Manual
Instruction manual (author's collection)


  • Jules Richard et la Magie du Relief - part 1, Jacques Perin, 1993
  • Introduction pour l'emploi du Glyphoscope, Maison Jules Richard
  • Product catalog from 1913, Maison Jules Richard
  • Product catalog from 1929, Maison Jules Richard
  • Stereoscopes: the first one hundred years, Paul Wing, 1996