Water as a Weapon
The Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie (New Dutch Water Line) was a military defence line that used water as primary weapon. A complex system of sluices, flood canals and dikes was used to flood the land.
Inundation canal, Nieuwegein, 2014
Sluice, Nieuwegein, 2014
A shallow layer of water was deep enough to make the land difficult to pass by an enemy army, but the water level was not high enough to navigate by ship.
Inlet sluice, Dalem, 2010
were areas of higher ground that could not be flooded. These weak points of the line were fortified by forts, bunkers, group shelters and road blocks. The line has been mobilized three times, but never saw any action.
Fort Vechten, Bunnik, 2013
Fort Honswijk, Houten, 2010
Roadblock, Zeedijk, Muiden, 2009
Shelter, Werk aan de Groeneweg, Schalkwijk, 2009