Asschatterkeerkade, Leusden

Grebbe Line 1940

The Grebbe Line (Dutch: Grebbelinie) was a Dutch defence line that stretched from the Grebbeberg in Rhenen to the Zuiderzee (present IJsselmeer). The line was based on inundation. Large areas could be flooded if an enemy invasion was imminent. The line was established in 1745 but was never used. In 1815, the construction of the New Dutch Water Line started. The Grebbe Line wasn’t needed anymore and was decommissioned in 1926.

International tensions grew in the late 1930s and the Dutch army prepared for an enemy invasion. In 1940 the decision was made to make the Grebbe Line the main defensive line again. The old fortifications were extended with trenches, roadblocks and casemates.

On May 10, 1940 the German army invaded The Netherlands. Different parts of the Grebbe Line were attacked but the most dramatic fighting took place on the Grebbeberg. The German troops broke through the line on May 13. The Dutch army retreated behind the New Dutch Water Line but surrendered after the bombing of Rotterdam.

Voorwerk aan de Asschatterkeerkade, Leusden

Voorwerk aan de Asschatterkeerkade

Pillbox bunker

Leusden, 2011

Asschaterkeerkade

Remains of a trench system

Leusden, 2011

Roadblock

Anti-tank obstacle on the Oostdijk

Bunschoten-Spakenburg, 2013

Anti-tank ditch, Broekerbos, Woudenberg

Anti-tank ditch

Broekerbos, Woudenberg, 2012

Bruinenburgersluis, Woudenberg

Bruinenburgersluis

Sluice to flood the land

Woudenberg, 2013

Groeperkade, Renswoude

Groeperkade

Renswoude, 2012

Werk aan de Engelaar, Renswoude

Werk aan de Engelaar

Renswoude, 2016

Grebbeberg, Rhenen

Grebbeberg

Pillbox with war damage

Rhenen, 2015

Grebbeberg, Rhenen

Grebbeberg

Remains of a destroyed pillbox

Rhenen, 2012