Defending the Fleet
Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands. During both World Wars it was the most important anchorage of the British Royal Navy.
Scapa Flow, 2013
To protect the fleet against enemy attacks numerous defense measures were taken. Block ships, booms, mines, coastal batteries en airfields turned Scapa Flow into a safe haven for the British fleet.
Block ship Juniata, Inganess Bay, 2011
North Pier, Lyness, Hoy, 2014
At the beginning of World War II the old defenses of World War I had fallen in disrepair. On 14 October 1939 the German U-boat U-47
penetrated Scapa Flow and sank the battleship HMS Royal Oak
. 833 of the crew were lost.
Scad Battery, Scad Head, Hoy, 2014
Rerwick Battery, Rerwick Head, Mainland, 2011
After this incident Scapa Flow became one of the most strongly fortified harbors in the world. After the war Scapa Flow lost it’s strategic importance and the navy facilities were closed down in 1956.
West Pier, Lyness, Hoy, 2013